Accounting Officer – “(a) in relation to a municipality, means the Municipal official referred to in section 60“
Adjustment Budget – Means a budget: As described in Section 28 of the MFMA, and in terms of Part 4 of the Municipal Budget and Reporting Regulations.
Approved Budget – “Means an annual budget –
(a) approved by a Municipal Council; or
(b) approved by a Provincial or the National Executive following an intervention in terms of section 139 of the constitution and includes such an annual budget as revised by an adjustments budget in terms of section 28 and of the Municipal Budget and Reporting Regulations.”
Capital Asset – means tangible and intangible assets that:
(a) are held by a municipality for use in the production or supply of goods or
services, for rental to others, or for administrative purposes, and
(b) are expected to have a useful life extending for more than one financial year.
Capital Budget – A capital budget is an estimate of the expenses that will be incurred during that financial year to create future benefits, and the sources of finance from which these expenses will be funded.
Chief Financial Officer (CFO) – means a person designated in terms of the MFMA who performs such budgeting and other duties as may be delegated in terms of section 79 of the MFMA by the accounting officer .
Council – means the municipal council of this municipality referred to in section 18 of the Municipal Structures Act.
Senior Managers – Section 56 of the Systems Act states inter alia that : “Appointment of managers directly accountable to Municipal Managers – (a) a Municipal Council, after consultation with the municipal manager, appoints a manager directly accountable to the Municipal Manager.”
Division of Revenue Act – Means the Act of Parliament, which must be enacted annually in terms of section 214 (1) of the Constitution.
Financial year – Means a 12-month period with year ending on 30 June.
Fruitless, and wasteful expenditure – Means expenditure that was made in vain and would have been avoided had reasonable care been exercised.
Irregular expenditure – Expenditure incurred by the municipality or municipal entity in contravention of, or that is not in accordance with, a requirement of the MFMA and which has not been condoned in terms of section 170 of the MFMA, – Expenditure incurred by the municipality or municipal entity in contravention of, or that is not in accordance with, a requirement of the Municipal Systems Act and which has not been condoned in terms of that Act, – Expenditure incurred by the municipality in contravention of, or that is not in accordance with, a requirement of the Public Office-Bearers Act, 1998 (Act No.20 of 1998), or – Expenditure incurred by the municipality or municipal entity in contravention of, or that is not in accordance with, a requirement of the supply chain management policy of the municipality or entity or any of the municipality’s by-laws giving effect to such policy, and which has not been condoned in terms of such policy or by-law, but excludes expenditure by the municipality which falls within the definition of “unauthorised expenditure”.
Line item – Means an appropriation that is itemised on a separate line in a budget adopted with the idea of greater control over expenditure.
MFMA Vote –
“(a) one of the main segments into which a budget of a Municipality is divided for the appropriation of money for the different departments or functional areas of the Municipality; and
(b) Which specifies the total amount that is appropriated for the purpose of the department or functional area concerned.”
The definition of “VOTE” for Kopanong Local Municipality is set at the Directorate level.
Operating Budget – The Municipality’s financial plan, which outlines proposed expenditure for the coming financial year and estimates the revenues used to finance this expenditure.
Sub vote – Means a Department that falls directly under a Directorate level or VOTE.
Overspending – means causing the operational or capital expenditure incurred by the municipality during a financial year to exceed the total amount appropriated in that year’s budget for its operational or capital expenditure, as the case may be, – in relation to a vote, means causing expenditure under the vote to exceed the amount appropriated for that vote, or – in relation to expenditure under section 26 of the MFMA, means causing expenditure under that section to exceed the limits allowed in subsection (5) of this section.
Unauthorised expenditure – Means any expenditure incurred by a municipality otherwise than in accordance with section 15 or 11(3) of the MFMA, and includes:
– Overspending of the total amount appropriated in the municipality’s approved budget,
– Overspending of the total amount appropriated for a vote in the approved budget,
– Expenditure from a vote unrelated to the department of functional area covered by the vote,
– Expenditure of money appropriated for a specific purpose, otherwise than for that specific purpose,
– Spending of an allocation referred to in paragraph (b), (c) or (d) of the definition of “allocation” otherwise than in accordance with any conditions of the allocation, or – A grant by the municipality otherwise than in accordance with the MFMA.
Virement – The process of transferring an approved budgetary provision from one operating line item or capital project to another during a municipal financial year and which results from changed circumstances from that which prevailed at the time of the previous budget adoption.
2.1. In terms of the Municipal Finance Management Act, No. 56 of 2003, Chapter 4 on Municipal Budgets, Subsection (16), states that the council of a municipality must for each financial year approve an annual budget for the municipality before the commencement of that financial year. According to subsection (2) of the Act concerned, to comply with subsection (1), the executive mayor of the municipality must table the annual budget at a council meeting at least 90 days before the start of the budget year.
2.2. This policy must be read, analysed, explained, interpreted, implemented, and understood against this legislative background. The budget is a tool for planning and control, and it plays a critical role to realise diverse community needs.
Central to this, the formulation of a municipality budget must consider the government’s macro-economic and fiscal policy fundamentals.
- OBJECTIVES OF POLICY
3.1. The objective of this policy is to set out the budgeting principles which the municipality will follow in preparing each annual and adjustment budget, as well as the responsibilities of the Chief Financial Officer in compiling such budget.
3.2. Another objective of this budget policy is to set out a framework to deal with the shifting or virement of funds and budget allocations. This policy also establishes and maintains procedures to ensure adherence to the Municipality’s IDP review and budget processes.
- BUDGETING PRINCIPLES
4.1. The municipality shall not budget for a cash deficit and should also ensure that revenue projections in the budget are realistic considering actual collection levels.
4.2. Expenses may only be incurred in terms of the approved annual budget (or adjustments budget) and within the limits of the amounts appropriated for each vote in the approved budget.
4.3. Kopanong Local Municipality shall prepare a three‐year budget (medium term revenue and expenditure framework (MTREF)), which must be reviewed annually and approved by Council.
4.4. The MTREF budget must always be within the framework of the Municipal Integrated Development Plan.
- RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
5.1. Without derogating in any way from the legal responsibilities of the Municipal Manager as Accounting Officer, the Chief Financial Officer shall be responsible for preparing the draft annual capital and operating budgets (including the budget components required for the ensuing financial years), any required adjustments budgets, the projections of revenues and expenses for the service delivery and budget implementation plan (including the alignment of such projections with the cash management programme prepared in terms of the cash and investments policy), and shall be accountable to the Accounting Officer in regard to the performance of these functions.
5.2. The Accounting Officer shall ensure that all heads of departments provide the inputs enquired by the Chief Financial Officer into these budget processes.
5.3. The Chief Financial Officer shall provide input to the budget timetable for the ensuing financial year for the mayor’s approval, and shall indicate in such timetable the target dates for the draft revision of the annual budget and the preparation of the annual budget for the ensuing financial year, which target dates shall follow the
prescriptions of the Municipal Finance Management Act, and target dates for the submission of all the budget-related documentation to the mayor, Budget Steering committee, executive committee, and council.
5.4. In preparing the operating budget, the Chief Financial Officer shall determine the number and type of votes to be used and the line-items to be shown under each vote, provided that in so doing the chief financial officer shall properly and adequately reflect the organisational structure of the municipality, and further in so doing shall comply – in so far as the organisational structure permits – also with the prescribed budget format of National Treasury.
5.5. The Chief Financial Officer shall determine the depreciation expenses to be charged to each vote, the apportionment of interest payable to the appropriate votes, the any contributions to a reserve of the municipality, and the contributions to the provisions for impairment of debtors, accrued leave entitlements and obsolescence of stocks.
5.6. The Chief Financial Officer shall further, with the approval of the mayor and the Accounting Officer, determine the recommended contribution to the capital replacement reserve and any other contributions to other reserves of the municipality.
5.7. The Chief Financial Officer shall also, again with the approval of the mayor and the Accounting Officer, and having regard to the municipality’s current financial performance, determine the recommended aggregate growth factor(s) according to which the budgets for the various votes shall be drafted.
5.8. The Chief Financial Officer shall compile monthly budget reports, with recommendations, comparing actual results with budgeted projections, and the heads of departments shall timeously and adequately furnish the Chief Financial Officer with all explanations required for deviations from the budget.
5.9. The Chief Financial Officer shall provide technical and administrative support to the Mayor in the preparation and approval of the annual and adjustment budgets, as well as in the consultative processes, which must precede the approval of such budgets.
5.10. The Chief Financial Officer shall ensure that the annual and adjustments budgets comply with the requirements of the National Treasury, reflect the budget priorities determined by the mayor, are aligned with the IDP, and comply with all budget-related policies, and shall make recommendations to the mayor on the revision of the IDP and the budget-related policies where these are indicated.
5.11. The Chief Financial Officer shall make recommendations on the financing of the draft capital budget for the ensuing and future financial years, indicating the impact of viable alternative financing scenarios on future expenses, and specifically commenting on the relative financial merits of internal and external financing options.
5.12. The Chief Financial Officer shall ensure that the cost of any relief/rebate is separately reflected in the appropriate votes.
5.13. The Chief Financial Officer shall ensure that the allocations from other organs of state are properly reflected in the annual and adjustments budget, and that the estimated expenses against such allocations are appropriately recorded.
- APPROPRIATION OF FUNDS FOR EXPENDITURE
6.1. Section 15 of the MFMA regulates as follows regarding the incurring of expenditure against budgetary provisions.
6.2. “A municipality may, except where otherwise provided in this Act, incur expenditure only:
(a) in terms of an approved budget; and
(b) within the limits of the amounts appropriated for the different votes in an approved budget.”
- ANNUAL BUDGETS
7.1. In accordance with section 16 of the MFMA, the Council of a municipality must for each financial year approve an annual budget for the municipality before the start of that financial year.
7.2. For a municipality to comply with subsection (1) of section 16 of the MFMA, the mayor of the municipality must table the annual budget at a council meeting at least 90 days before the start of the budget year.
7.3. Subsection (1) of section 16 of the MFMA does not preclude the appropriation of money for capital expenditure for a period not exceeding three financial years, provided a separate appropriation is made for each of those financial years.
- FUNDING OF EXPENDITURE
8.1. Section 18 of the MFMA prescribes as follows:
“(i) An annual budget may only be funded from—
(a) realistically anticipated revenues to be collected;
(b) cash-backed accumulated funds from previous years’ surpluses not committed for other purposes; and
(c) borrowed funds, but only for the capital budget referred to in section 17(2).
(ii) Revenue projections in the budget must be realistic, considering—
(a) projected revenue for the current year based on collection levels to date; and
(b) actual revenue collected in previous financial years.”
8.2. Additional funding requirements is included in the Council approved Funding and Reserves policy.
- BUDGET PREPARATION PROCESS
9.1. Formulation of the budget
9.1.1. The Accounting Officer with the assistance of the Chief Financial Manager and the Manager responsible for IDP shall draft an IDP and Budget process plan with timetables for the municipality including municipal entities for the ensuing financial year.
9.1.2. The Executive Mayor shall table the IDP and Budget process plan to Council by 31 August each year for approval (10 months before the start of the next budget year).
The IDP and Budget process plan shall indicate the key deadlines for the review of the IDP as well the preparation of the medium-term revenue and expenditure framework budget and the revision of the annual budget. Such target dates shall follow the prescriptions of the MFMA, Municipal Budget and Reporting Regulations and the guidelines set by National Treasury.
9.1.3. The Executive Mayor shall convene a strategic workshop in September/October with the mayoral committee and senior managers in order.
to determine the IDP priorities, which will form the basis for the preparation of the MTREF budget considering the financial and political pressure facing the municipality.
9.1.4. The Executive Mayor shall table the draft IDP and MTREF budget to council by 31 March (90 days before the start of the new year) together with the draft resolutions and budget related policies (policies on tariff setting, credit control, debt collection, indigents, investment and cash management, borrowings, etc).
9.1.5. The Chief Financial Officer and senior managers undertake the technical preparation of the budget.
9.1.6. The budget must be in the format prescribed by the Municipal Budget and Reporting Regulations.
9.1.7. The budget must reflect realistically expected revenues for the budget year concerned.
9.1.8. The expenses reflected in the budget must be divided into items.
9.1.9. The budget must also contain the information related to the two financial years following the financial year to which the budget relates, as well as the estimated revenues and expenses for the current year and the three prior year actual outcomes.
9.2. Public participation process
Immediately after the draft annual budget has been tabled, the municipality must convene public participations meetings on the draft budget during April and early May of each year and invite the public and stakeholder organisations to make representation at these meetings and to submit comments in response to the draft budget.
9.3. Approval of the budget
9.3.1. Council shall consider the Annual budget for approval not later than 31 May (30 days before the start of the budget year).
9.3.2. The council resolution must contain budget policies and performance measures shall be adopted.
9.3.3. Should the Council fail to approve the budget before the start of the budget year, the executive mayor must inform the MEC for Finance that the budget has not been approved.
9.3.4. The budget table to Council for approval shall include the following supporting documents:
220.127.116.11. Draft resolutions approving the budget and levying property rates, other taxes and tariffs for the financial year concerned,
18.104.22.168. Measurable performance objectives for each budget vote, considering the municipality’s IDP,
22.214.171.124. The projected cash flows for the financial year by revenue sources and expenditure votes,
126.96.36.199. Any proposed amendments to the IDP,
188.8.131.52. Any proposed amendments to the budget-related policies,
184.108.40.206. The cost to the municipality of the salaries, allowances and other benefits of its political office bearers and other councillors, the accounting officer, the chief financial officer, and other senior managers.
220.127.116.11. Of any proposed allocations or grants to other municipalities, municipal entities, external mechanisms assisting such as Non-Governmental Organisations, welfare institutions and so on,
18.104.22.168. Of the municipality’s investments, and 22.214.171.124. Various information regarding municipal entities under the shared or sole control of the municipality.
9.4. Publication of the budget
9.4.1. When making public the draft annual budget and supporting documentation in terms of section 22(a) of the MFMA, read with section 21A of the Municipal Systems Act, the Accounting Officer must also make public any other information that the municipal council considers appropriate to facilitate the budget consultation process.
9.4.2. The annual budget must be submitted in both printed and electronic formats to the National Treasury and the relevant provincial treasury.
9.4.3. Within ten working days after the municipal council has approved the annual budget of a municipality, the Accounting Officer must in accordance with section 21A of the Municipal Systems Act make public the approved annual budget and supporting documentation and the resolutions referred to in section 24(2)(c) of the MFMA.
9.5. Service Delivery and Budget Implementation Plan (SDBIP)
9.5.1. The Executive Mayor must approve the Service Delivery and Budget Implementation Plan not later 28 days after the approval of the Budget by Council.
9.5.2. The SDBIP shall include the following components:
- a) Monthly projections of revenue to be collected for each source,
- b) Monthly projections of expenditure (operating and capital) and revenue for each vote,
- c) Quarterly projections of service delivery targets and performance indicators for each vote,
- d) Ward information for expenditure and service delivery,
- e) Detailed capital works plan broken down by ward over three years.
- CAPITAL BUDGET
10.1. Basis of Calculation
10.1.1. The zero-based method is used in preparing the annual capital budget, except in cases where a contractual commitment has been made that would span over more than one financial year.
10.1.2. The annual capital budget shall be based on realistically anticipated revenue, which should be equal to the anticipated capital expenditure in order to result in a balanced budget.
10.1.3. The impact of the capital budget on the current and future operating budget in terms of finance charges to be incurred on external loans, depreciation of fixed assets, maintenance of fixed and any other operating expenditure to be incurred resulting directly from the capital expenditure, should be carefully analysed when the annual capital budget is being compiled.
10.1.4. In addition, the council shall consider the likely impact of such operational expenses, net of any revenues expected to be generated by such item, on future property rates and service tariffs.
10.2. Budget Principles
10.2.1. Expenditure of a project shall be included in the capital budget if it meets the definition of a capital asset.
10.2.2. Vehicle replacement shall be done in terms of Council’s vehicle replacement policy. The budget for vehicles shall distinguish between replacement and new vehicles. No global amounts shall be budgeted for vehicle acquisition.
10.2.3. The capital budget shall distinguish between the replacement of a capital asset and the renewal of a capital asset.
10.2.4. A municipality may spend money on a capital project only if the money for the project has been appropriated in the capital budget.
10.2.5. The envisaged sources of funding for the capital budget must be properly considered and the Council must be satisfied that this funding is available and not been committed for other purposes.
10.2.6. Before approving a capital project, the Council must consider:
10.2.6.1. The projected cost of the project over all the ensuing financial years until the project becomes operational, future operational costs and any revenues, which may arise in respect of such project, including the likely future impact on operating budget (i.e. on property rates and service tariffs),
10.2.6.2. The impact on the present and future operating budgets of the municipality in relation to finance charges to be incurred on external loan,
10.2.6.3. Depreciation of fixed assets,
10.2.6.4. Maintenance of fixed assets, and
10.2.6.5. Any other ordinary operational expenses associated with any item on such capital budget.
10.2.7. Council shall approve the annual or adjustment capital budget only if it has been fully funded.
10.3. Funding of Capital Budget
The capital expenditure shall be funded from the following source:
10.3.1. External loans
10.3.1.1. External loans can be raised only if it is linked to the financing of a capital asset,
10.3.1.2. A capital project to be financed from an external loan can only be included in the capital budget if the loans has been secured or if can be reasonably assumed as being secured,
10.3.1.3. Interest payable on external loans shall be included as a cost in the Operating budget,
10.3.1.4. Finance charges relating to such loans be charged to or apportioned only between the departments or votes to which the projects relate.
10.3.2. Capital Replacement Reserve (CRR)
Council shall establish a CRR for the purpose of financing capital projects for the acquiring of capital assets. Such reserve shall be established from the following sources of revenue:
10.3.2.1. All cash proceeds on the sale of capital assets (including the sale of buildings and land),
10.3.2.2. All cash proceeds from Developers Contributions and payments received in respect of the buyout of parking areas,
10.3.2.3. Annual contribution equal to the depreciation of that financial year; less the repayment portion of the external loans (interest bearing borrowings),
10.3.2.4. Increased contribution to the CRR if sufficient cash surpluses were generated through savings on expenditure or additional income sources.
Before any capital asset can be financed from the CRR the financing must be available within the reserve and available as cash as this fund must be cash backed;
If there is insufficient cash available to fund the CRR, this reserve fund must then be adjusted to equal the available cash;
10.3.3. Grant Funding
10.3.3.1. Capital expenditure funded from grants must be budgeted for in the capital budget;
- Expenditure must be reimbursed from the unspent grant and recognised in the operating budget as transfers recognised – capital and must be budgeted for as such.
- Interest earned on investments due to unspent Conditional Grant Funding for which the grant condition stated the interest must accrue to the grant/project shall be capitalised to the unspent grant fund.
iii. If there is no condition stated then the interest must be allocated directly to the revenue accounts of the Municipality. Grant funding needs to be secured in the form of cash before spending can take place.
All unspent grants must be ring fenced and cash backed from available cash and cash equivalents.
- OPERATING BUDGET
11.1. The municipality shall budget in each annual and adjustments budget for the
- a) Provision for accrued leave entitlements equal to 100% of the accrued leave,
- b) Continued employee benefits as at 30 June of each financial year,
- c) Provision for impairment of debtors in accordance with its rates and tariffs
policies and the Generally recognised accounting standards,
- d) Provision for the obsolescence and deterioration of stock in accordance with
its inventory management policy, the level of cash funding in respect to a) and b) above must be decided by the Chief Financial Officer as part of the budget process annually.
11.2. Depreciation and finance charges shall be charged to or apportioned only between the departments or votes to which the projects relate.
11.3. A percentage of the operating budget component of each annual and adjustments budget shall be set aside for repairs and maintenance.
11.4. When considering the draft annual budget, council shall consider the impact, which the proposed increases in rates and service tariffs will have on the monthly municipal accounts of households. The impact of such increases shall be assessed based on a fair sample of randomly selected accounts.
11.5. Non-capital expenditure funded from grants must be budgeted for as part of the revenue budget.
- Expenditure must be reimbursed from the unspent grant and recognised in the operating budget as transfers recognised – operational and must be budgeted for as such.
11.6. The operating budget shall reflect the impact of the capital component on:
- a) Depreciation charges,
- b) Repairs and maintenance expenses,
- c) Interest payable on external borrowings,
- d) Other operation expenses.
- UNSPENT FUNDS AND ROLL-OVER OF BUDGET
12.1. The appropriation of funds in an Annual or Adjustment Budget will lapse to the extent that they are unspent by the end of the relevant budget year, except unspent grants (if the conditions for such grant funding allow that).
12.2. Conditions of the grant funding shall be taken into account in applying for rollover of grant funds;
12.3. Projects funded from the Capital Replacement Reserve may be rolled over from the year it originates with an adjustments budget (as prescribe in Municipal Budget and Reporting Regulations in terms of reg. 23(5)) only if the following conditions is met:
12.3.1. The Chief Financial Officer must assess the funding requirements from and to the CRR for the next 3 budget years and only if sufficient funding is available in the CRR any projects may be considered for rolled over; and
12.3.2. The funds to be rolled over must have been committed before the 30 th June; and
12.3.3. The relevant Senior Manager must provide a detailed report providing the reasons for non-compliance to the deadline of 30th June proof and to substantiate 12.3.2 above; and
12.3.4. Funds from the CRR must be appropriated to this project in the adjustment budget in terms of section 28(2) (e)
12.4. If the above-mentioned conditions for the rollover of a project could not be met, then the relevant Senior Manager must re-prioritise projects within his/her directorate in the next 3 year capital program to stay within the funding available within the CRR over the next 3 years and submit a report to this effect to be considered as part of the roll over adjustment budget.
12.5. Projects funded from Borrowings may be rolled over from the year it originates with an adjustments budget (as prescribe in reg 23 (5) of the Municipal Budget and Reporting Regulations) only if the funding is still available and no contract conditions of the investor or financer prohibits the roll over.
- VIREMENT REQUIREMENTS
13.1. A virement represents a flexible mechanism to affect budgetary amendments within a Municipal financial year and represents a mechanism to align and take corrective (financial / budgetary) action within a Directorate during a financial year.
13.2. To transfer funds from one vote or capital project to another vote or capital project, a saving must be identified within the monetary limitations of the approved vote or capital project allocations on the respective budgets.
13.3. Any budgetary amendments of which the net impact will result in exceeding the approved annual budget allocation for a vote and any other amendments not covered in this policy are to be considered for budgetary adoption via an adjustments budget (per MFMA section 28)
13.4. In terms of Section 17 of the MFMA a municipality’s budget is divided into an operating and capital budget and consequently no virements are permitted between Operating and Capital Budgets.
13.5. No funds may be virement between votes (Directorates) without approval in an adjustment budget.
13.6. No Virement may be made where it would result in unauthorised expenditure (Section 32 of MFMA).
13.7. Virements may not be made between Expenditure and Income.
13.8. Virement amounts may not be rolled over to subsequent years, or create expectations on following budgets. (Section 30 of MFMA)
13.9. No virements are permitted in the first three months or the final month of the financial year without an express recommendation by the specific Director and approval of the CFO.
13.10. OPERATING BUDGET VIREMENTS:
13.10.1. Virements are not allowed to utilise any special purpose operating budgetary allocations approved by Council and which is specifically mentioned and highlighted as such during the approval of the budget.
13.10.2. Only Council may consider the virements of these funds mentioned in
13.10.1 above and only after full motivations were provided for these virements.
13.10.3. Salaries, Wages and Allowances
126.96.36.199. Virements to and from the category Salaries, wages and allowances excluding the item “Protective Clothing and Uniforms” are not permitted unless approved by Council.
188.8.131.52. Any savings identified for the filling of approved vacant posts not budgeted for can only be vired with a Council’s Resolution in which the future year’s financial impact had also been considered.
13.10.4. Other Expenditure
184.108.40.206. Virements to and from the following items are not allowed: Bulk purchases; Debt Impairment, Interest Charges; Depreciation, Grants to Institutions, Revenue foregone, Insurance, Municipal Charges and other non-cashed items as determined by the Chief Financial Officer.
220.127.116.11. Virements in respect of expenditure line items financed from grants or any other external source of finance must be approved by Council.
18.104.22.168. No virements are permitted in relation to the Revenue side of the Budget.
22.214.171.124. Revenue amendments are to be adopted via an adjustments Budget.
13.10.6. Confirmation – The virements of any savings amount is subject to the confirmation of
the Head of Expenditure.
13.11. CAPITAL BUDGET VIREMENTS:
13.11.1. Non capital expenditure funded from grants must be budgeted for as part of the revenue budget.
- Expenditure must be reimbursed from the unspent grant and recognised in the operating budget as transfers recognised – operational and must be budgeted for as such.
13.11.2. Virements in respect of savings on capital projects will only be permitted if allocated to projects approved as part of the annual or adjustment budgets or the approved IDP of the Council; whilst a virement to any other project must be dealt with as unforeseen and unavoidable expenditure.
13.11.3. Budgeted amounts in respect of approved capital projects which are, due to changed circumstances, not executed, can only be vired by Council.
13.11.4. Budget amounts on capital projects where no funds have been spent to date can only be vired by Council.
13.11.5. The only exemption to 13.11.1 and 13.11.2 above is where furniture and/or equipment (to a maximum value of R50 000) which does not appear on the Capital Budget can be purchased. This authority is delegated to the Municipal Manager and Directors.
13.11.6. Virements of Conditional Grant funds to purposes outside of that specified in the relevant Conditional Grant framework is not permitted.
13.11.7. Virements of Capital Projects can only be approved between projects of similar funding sources (e.g. MIG to MIG).
13.11.8. Motivations for virements should state the reason for the saving as well as the reason for the additional amount required.
13.11.9. Virements of Capital budget funds in terms of paragraph 13.11.5 by Directors are permissible only within the same MFMA Vote (Directorate).
13.2.1. Subject to the further stipulations and conditions in this policy, the authority is delegated to every Senior Manager to vire not more than 25% to and from the same sub vote, project, etc. of the budget within a specific budget stage.
These stages are as follows:
– Virement stage 1 is the period between the original budget until the 1st Adjustment budget which should be approved by Council before 25th August;
– Virement stage 2 is the period after the 1st Adjustment budget until the 2nd Adjustment budget which should be approved by Council before the end of February;
– Virement stage 3 is after the 2nd Adjustment budget and the Final Budget as at 30 June of a specific budget year.
13.2.2. Virements between votes (Directorate) would require a Council resolution which is confirmed through the Adjustment Budget.
- PROCESS AND ACCOUNTABILITY
14.1. All virement proposals must be fully completed on the application form as per Annexure A of this policy and must be completed in accordance with Council’s budget policy.
14.2. All virement proposals must be approved by the relevant Director in terms of their powers of delegation.
14.3. Completed virements documentation must also be verified by the Head: Expenditure as confirmation of available funds and/or savings.
14.4. A virement application form must be fully completed and approved before any expenditure can be committed or incurred.
14.5. Virements approved by the Directors will be reported to Council on a quarterly basis.
- ADJUSTMENT BUDGET
15.1. Council may revise its annual budget by means of an adjustment budget in terms of section 28 of the MFMA and according to the timelines set out in the Municipal Budget and Reporting regulations section 23.
15.2. Section 28(2) of the MFMA determines when an adjustment must be done and when it may be prepared.
15.3. The Accounting Officer must promptly adjust its budgeted revenues and expenses if a material under-collection of revenues arises or is apparent.
15.4. The Accounting Officer shall appropriate additional revenues, which have become available but only to revise or accelerate spending programmes already budgeted for or any areas of critical importance identified by Council.
15.5. The Council shall in such Adjustment Budget, and within the prescribed framework, confirm unforeseen and unavoidable expenses on the recommendation of the Mayor.
15.6. The Chief Financial Officer shall ensure that the Adjustment Budgets comply with the requirements of the National Treasury, reflect the budget priorities determined by the Mayor, are aligned with the IDP, comply with all budget related policies, and shall make recommendations to the Mayor on the revision of the IDP and the budget-related policies where these are indicated.
15.7. The Council should also authorise the spending of unspent grant funding at the end of the previous financial year, where such under-spending could not reasonably have been foreseen at the time the Annual Budget was approved by the Council.
15.8. An Adjustment Budget must contain all the following:
15.8.1. an explanation of how the adjustments affect the approved Annual Budget;
15.8.2. appropriate motivations for material adjustments; and
15.8.3. an explanation of the impact of any increased spending on the current and future annual budgets.
15.9. Municipal taxes and tariffs may not be increased during a financial year except if required in terms of a financial recovery plan.
15.10. Any unappropriated surplus from previous financial years, even if fully cash-backed, shall not be used to balance any adjustments budget.
- UNFORESEEN AND UNAVOIDABLE EXPENDITURE
16.1. The Mayor may authorise expenditure in terms of section 29 of the MFMA only if:
16.1.1. The expenditure could not have been foreseen at the time the annual budget of the municipality was passed, and
16.1.2. The delay that will be caused pending approval of an adjustments budget by the municipal council in terms of section 28(2)(c) of the MFMA to authorise the expenditure may-
126.96.36.199. Result in significant financial loss for the municipality,
188.8.131.52. Cause a disruption or suspension, or a serious threat to the continuation, of a basic municipal service,
184.108.40.206. Lead to loss of life or serious injury or significant damage to property, or
220.127.116.11. Obstruct the municipality from instituting or defending legal proceedings on an urgent basis.
16.2. The Mayor may NOT authorise expenditure in terms of section 29 of the MFMA if the expenditure:
16.2.1. Was considered by the council, but not approved in the annual budget or an adjustments budget,
16.2.2. Is required for-
18.104.22.168. Price increases of goods or services during the financial year,
22.214.171.124. New municipal services or functions during the financial year,
126.96.36.199. The extension of existing municipal services or functions during the financial year,
188.8.131.52. The appointment of personnel during the financial year, or
184.108.40.206. Allocating discretionary appropriations to any vote during the financial year, or
16.2.3. Would contravene any existing council policy, or
16.2.4. Is intended to ratify irregular or fruitless and wasteful expenditure.
- BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION
17.1.1. The Accounting Officer with the assistance of the Chief Financial Officer and other senior managers is responsible for the implementation of the budget, and must take reasonable steps to ensure that:
- funds are spent in accordance with the Budget;
- expenses are reduced if expected revenues are less than projected; and
iii. revenues and expenses are properly monitored.
17.1.2. The Accounting Officer with the assistance of the Chief Financial Officer must prepare any Adjustment Budget when such budget is necessary and submit it to the Mayor for consideration and tabling to Council.
17.1.3. The Accounting Officer must report in writing to the Council any impending shortfalls in the Annual Revenue Budget, as well as any impending overspending, together with the steps taken to prevent or rectify these problems.
17.2.1. Monthly budget statements
220.127.116.11. The Accounting Officer with the assistance of the Chief Financial Officer must, not later than ten working days after the end of each calendar month, submit to the Mayor and Provincial and National Treasury a report in the prescribed format on the state of the municipality’s Budget for such calendar month, as well as on the state of the budget cumulatively for the financial year to date.
18.104.22.168. This report must reflect the following:
- actual revenues per source, compared with budgeted revenues;
- actual expenses per vote, compared with budgeted expenses;
iii. actual capital expenditure per vote, compared with budgeted expenses;
- actual borrowings, compared with the borrowings envisaged to fund the capital budget;
- the amount of allocations received, compared with the budgeted amount;
- actual expenses against allocations, but excluding expenses in respect of the equitable share;
vii. the remedial or corrective steps to be taken to ensure that the relevant projections remain within the Approved or Revised Budget; and
viii. projections of the revenues and expenses for the remainder of the financial year, together with an indication of how and where the original projections have been revised.
22.214.171.124. The report to the National Treasury must be both in electronic format and in a signed written document.
17.2.2. Quarterly Reports
126.96.36.199. The Mayor must submit to Council within thirty days of the end of each quarter a report on the implementation of the Budget and the financial situation of the municipality.
17.2.3. Mid-year budget and performance assessment
188.8.131.52. The Accounting Officer must assess the budgetary performance of the municipality for the first half of the financial year, taking into account all the monthly budget reports for the first six months, the service delivery performance of the municipality as against the service delivery targets and performance indicators which were set in the Service Delivery and Budget Implementation Plan.
184.108.40.206. The Accounting Officer must then submit a report on such assessment to the Mayor by 25 January each year and to Council, Provincial Treasury and National Treasury by 31 January each year.
220.127.116.11. The Accounting Officer may in such report make recommendations after considering the recommendation of the Chief Financial Officer for adjusting the Annual Budget and for revising the projections of revenues and expenses set out in the Service Delivery and Budget Implementation Plan.
The Accounting Officer must place on the municipality’s official website the following documentation with regards to the Budget policy:
18.1. the Annual and Adjustment Budgets and all budget-related documents;
18.2. all budget-related policies;
18.3. the Annual Report;
18.4. all performance agreements;
18.5. all service delivery agreements;
18.6. all long-term borrowing contracts;
18.7. all quarterly and mid-year reports submitted to the Council on the implementation of the budget and the financial situation of the municipality.
Annexure A : Virement Form : Operational Budget and Capital Budget.